Pool Care Pool Lifestyle

The Swimming Pools Types

Swimming Pools TypesA swimming pool is an excellent addition to any home or commercial premises. It adds years of enjoyment and fun, turning the property into a personal oasis. Swimming pools come in different sizes and shapes and are built using different materials and building techniques. That means there are several swimming pools types. But what are these types?

Swimming pool types: They are different in categories depending on construction techniques, materials used in construction, construction site (indoor or outdoor), water treatment type, functionality, and design. For us to get a better understanding of these pool types, let’s go through some of the most common swimming pools.

Swimming Pools Types

There are two main types of pool, classified depending on the pool construction technique. It’s either an above ground pool or an in-ground pool.

Construction techniques

1) Above Ground Swimming Pools

Above-ground pools are either round, square, or rectangular with rounded edges. They are of different styles and utilize aluminum, vinyl liner or even fiberglass as construction composites. They are built right on top of the ground, and they can be permanent or portable. Usually, this type of swimming pools is pre-fabricated and quite easy to install. They are also quite cheap to buy compared to the in-ground pool.

2) In-Ground Swimming Pools

The in-ground swimming pools are typically made inside the ground by using poured concrete or using fiberglass composite. They can come in all sizes and shapes. They feature a concrete pool deck around them, which makes it quite challenging to install. But they are quite durable and easy to maintain. With an in-ground pool, you do not have to worry about UV rays effect on the pool walls or even structural breakage. It’s the most common type of pool used in public pools and some homes.

3) Semi-in-ground Swimming pools

Not all pools are above ground or in-ground pools; some are semi in-ground, which means they are half in-ground and a half above ground. Their design provides a robust structure that is cheap and easy to install and relatively durable more compared to the above-ground pools. Mostly these types of pools use hard and heavy-duty materials for the walls like the aluminum for a stable structure.

Installation Place

Swimming pools are either installed indoors or outdoors, depending on the owner’s choice and space availability. Mostly, you will come across the outdoor pools for home use and indoor pools for the competition pools or schools event pools.

1) Indoor

Indoor pools are built inside a structure to offer some cover, mostly under a roof and insulated by at least three walls. They are built to create year-round swimming enjoyment and fun. Their covering makes them ideal for use in all types of climates. Since they are in an insulated room, the pool heat is unlikely to escape, and debris/leaves are out of rich, which makes them easy to warm, clean, and maintain.

Architecturally, the indoor swimming pool looks like it’s a part of the house. However, in terms of its engineering, some variables like heating and ventilation are needed to make sure there are comfortable humidity levels.

In addition to drainage and high-quality pool covers, there are many ways to remove the built-up humidity in the air. Efficient dehumidification system is designed to prevent structural damage from moisture. In the process, reduce energy costs by improving the room’s climate to create a comfortable swimming environment.

2) Outdoor

Outdoor swimming pools are the most common swimming pools most people are used to see. They are installed in open outdoor are with no roof and wall enclosure. They are exposed to the fresh open air and sunlight. If you’re interested in investing in entertainment, health purposes, recreation pool, or even a combination of the three, an outdoor swimming pool can give you endless possibilities.

The outdoor swimming is of different shapes, sizes, styles, and design. Installing an outdoor pool is much cheaper considered to an indoor, but it will require lots of maintenance activity after installation. You will need to put a pool cover to prevent evaporation, keep it clean and also keep it safe. They are also almost impossible to swim in during the winter unless you make some improvements.

Construction Materials

Pool types are also determined by the kind of materials used in making them. The most common pool materials are fiberglass, concrete, and vinyl lining.

1) Fiberglass Swimming Pools

As the name suggests, fiberglass swimming pools are made of small fibers of glass strengthened using a polymer for a robust structural design. Since it composes tiny fibers, the fiberglass can be formed into almost any function and worked in all forms. It’s quite smooth and does not fade or allow algae to grow. It’s a sturdy material, which is stronger than concrete or vinyl. Because of that, they are mostly used for commercial swimming pools.

2) Concrete Pools

Concrete swimming pools are entirely customized pool solution. They can be placed virtually anywhere and provide you with unlimited design possibilities. You can select the shape, size, and depth and add extra features like water jets, steps, vanishing edges, rockeries, beach entries, and much more. The finishing options are endless; you can use ceramic tiles, colored quartz, natural pebbles, epoxy resin paints, and much more.

3) Vinyl-lined Swimming Pools

The vinyl-line pools are a popular and cost-effective option. They use the tailor-made vinyl lining to suit the shape and size of your swimming pool. They offer a smooth and durable surface which resists algae and fungus, and they do not crack. Thanks to those properties, you get to use less chemical in maintaining the pool.

Pool Functionality

Swimming pools are built for different functionalities. They can either be private, public, commercial, for kids, or even competition. They all offer various features and options.

1) Public pools

Public swimming pools are typically a part of a leisure center or a recreational complex. The centers often feature more than one swimming pool, like an indoor heated swimming pool, outdoor saltwater, chlorine or ozonated pools (heated or unheated) and shallow or paddling pools for toddlers. You will mostly find this kind of swimming pools in upscale and holiday resorts offered to their guests.

2) Private pools

Private swimming pools are relatively smaller than public swimming pools. Mostly, these are home swimming pools which can be a built-in permanently or assembled above ground. Also, the private swimming pool can be indoor or outdoor, depending on the preference. The construction method on these types of swimming pool varies greatly, depending on the property owner preferences.

3) Children’s pools

Children swimming pools are semi-permanently pools which can be bought in a supermarket and take it down when the summer ends. They are mostly utilized outdoors in a yard. The swimming pools are typically shallow, and often their sides are air inflatable to stay rigid. Afterward, the water and air can be removed, folded, and stored for convenient storage. They’re considered as Splasher in the swimming pool industry, intended for amusing toddlers and kids as well as for cooling and not swimming.

4) Spas and Hot Tubs

Hot tubs and spas are great in-house or backyard addition for enjoyment and relaxation. They come in lots of sizes, shapes, and constructions, which includes even a fully custom concrete variety and a pre-fabricated option. They require heating and pumping, which can be quite expensive but worth it at last. They are designed to relax the body muscles, ease joint pains, and also help you meditate. Despite them having a condensed size, hot tubs and spas pose a risk to the kids and pets. They need a sturdy cover or pool patron alarm for safety and security.

5) Competition Pools

The competition swimming pools are typically rectangular with some markings and extra competing features. These pools are anywhere between a small 6-lane and a huge 12-lane Olympic pool and can either be indoor or outdoor. They also have lots of features like diving boards and bulkheads. They can be quite deep depending on the competition and functionality.

Pool Design & Style

When it comes to swimming pools, design and style options are virtually unlimited. The options come in when different materials are combined and different construction styles utilized. Uniquely designing your swimming pool gives it a better and improved look and elegance.

  • Natural pools and ponds

The natural swimming pools style were first developed in central and western Europe in early and mid-80s by designers and land architects that have some environmental concerns. In recent time, these swimming pools have gained popularity as an ideal alternative to the traditional in-ground swimming pools. They are water bodies constructed with no chemicals and devices to disinfect or sterilize the water. The pool cleaning is achieved purely through the water motion and biological filters and also through plants rooted hydroponically in the water system.

  • Zero-entry swimming pools

A zero-entry pool, also called beach entry swimming pool, features an entry or edge which gradually slopes from the deck into the water. It becomes more in-depth with each step, like a natural beach. There are no stairs or ladders with these types of swimming pools to navigate. The design makes them ideal for senior people, kids, and people with accessibility problems where gradual is needed.

  • Infinity pools

An infinity pool is also called infinity edge or vanishing edge or negative edge swimming pool. It is a type of swimming pool that produces visual water effects extending to the infinity, vanishing, or horizon. Often, the water appears like falling into a bay, lake, ocean, or other similar water bodies. The illusion becomes more effective when there is a significant change in elevation.

  • Lap pool

The Lap pool is a skinny long rectangular shaped swimming pool, designed for long swimming laps. They are mostly ideal for people who swim for exercises.


A swimming pool is quite an ultimate amenity. It’s a center of family life with kids spending much time together. All the above swimming pool types can be an excellent choice for any homeowner. Knowing the differences between them can help you when deciding on which to install in your home.

Pool type choice depends on budget, personal preference, and the installation location. Once you’ve decided on what type of pool is ideal for you, you can proceed to find the right pool contractor. Happy Swimming!!!

About the author

Sharif Miah

Hi! I'm Sharif, the founder of Globo Pool® and I have been working in the pool & hot tub industry for the last few years. I love to share my experiences with people & hope you are enjoying my information and lessons!

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